Yes. You can filter your results based on pre-populated information in exactly the same way as you can for any other survey response data.
Instructions for filtering your response data can be found in our Help article on filtering survey responses.
If you will be using pre-populated information to filter your results, it is worth considering which question type is the most appropriate to use to capture pre-populated data. More information on this can be found in our FAQ on pre-population – the second-last section of that FAQ outlines the advantages and disadvantages of using different question types for pre-population.